Important Rivers in India: Some Facts and Figures

Rivers play a significant role in our lives. It provides drinkable water, conveyance, irrigation, help in producing electricity, and are the sources of income i.e. in fishing, Boating, etc. India has eight major rivers with numerous tributaries flowing all over the country. These major rivers are The Ganges, Brahmaputra, Mahanadi, Narmada, Godavari, Tapi, Krishna, and Kaveri. Some parts of India have inland drainage whereas the majority of the rivers flow into the Bay of Bengal with some of the rivers into the Arabian Sea. There are three main sources of all the major rivers of India and those are The Himalaya and the Karakoram ranges, Sahyadri or the Western Ghats in western India and Vindhya and Satpura ranges and Chotanagpur plateau in central India. In today’s article, I am going to talk about some major rivers in India. This topic is useful for Upcoming UPSC, SSC and Railways examinations.

Ganga or the Ganges

Ganga basin is the largest river basin in India. The Ganga, Yamuna, Ghagra, Gandak, and Kosi are the main constituents of this basin. It receives water from the Himalayas in the north and the Vindhyas in the South. Ganga originates from the Gangotri glaciers (Gaumukh) in the Himalayan mountain range. It travels through Uttar Pradesh and Bihar and then comes into West Bengal and Bangladesh. It ends in the Bay of Bengal in Bangladesh. In Bangladesh, the Ganga is known as the Padma.

The Brahmaputra

In terms of volume, the Brahmaputra is the greatest of all the rivers in India. It flows through Arunachal Pradesh and Assam and is the source of the Indus and the Satluj. The source of Brahmaputra is Mansarovar Lake. With about 2,899.9 km in length and 120 m in depth, the Brahmaputra River is essential for irrigation and transportation in the region. It drains into the Bay of Bengal after merging with Padma (popular name of Ganga in Bangladesh).

The Narmada

The Narmada or Nerbudda River also called the Rewa, is a river in central India. Along with the Mahi and Tapti, it is one of the three rivers which flows from east to west. It can probably be named as the longest (length-1,312 km) west flowing river in India. Narmada river is also known with the name “Life Line of Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat ” because of its tremendous contribution to the state of Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat. The source of Narmada is Amarkantak. Amarkantak is a Plateau near Anuppur district Madhya Pradesh. It forms the frontier between South India and North India. It drains through the Gulf of Khambhat into the Arabian Sea.

List of Important Rivers in India

Name of the River Originated from Name of the States it touches Length of the River
Ganga Gangothri Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal 2,525 K.M.
Sutlej Mount Kailash Himachal Pradesh, Punjab 1,500 K.M.
Yamuna Garhwal in Yamunotri Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Delhi 1,376 K.M.
Brahmaputra Lake Manasarovar Assam, Arunachal,Tibet 2,900 K.M.
Mahanadi Amarkantak Plateau Chhattisgarh, Odisha 858 K.M.
Gomti Gomat Taal Uttarpradesh, Gujarat, 900 K.M.
Koshi Ganga Shigatse Prefecture, Janakpur, Sagarmatha, Koshi, Mechi Zones, Bihar 720 K.M.
Gandaki Nepal Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Bihar 630 K.M.
Godavari Nasik Hills Maharashtra, Telangana, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, Puducherry 1,465 K.M.
Krishna Near Mahabaleshwar in Maharashtra Maharashtra, Karnataka, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh 1,400 K.M.
Narmada Amarkantak hill in Madhya Pradesh Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat 1,315 K.M.
Tapti Bettul Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat 724 K.M.
Hugli (Hooghly) Ganga West Bengal, Kolkata 260 K.M
Damodar Hooghly River, Howrah Jharkhand, Bengal 592 K.M
Indus In Tibet Kailash Range 5080 mts. Gilgit-Baltistan, Jammu and KashmirKhyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab, SindhTibet 3180 K.M
Betwa Vindhya Range Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh 590 K.M.
Son Ganga Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand,Bihar 784 K.M.
Ravi Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh, Punjab 720 K.M.
Beas Sutlej Himachal Pradesh, Punjab 470 K.M.
Chenab Panjnad Himachal Pradesh, Punjab 960 K.M.
Jhelum Pir Panjal Range Punjab, Jammu, and Kashmir, 725 K.M.
Kaveri Hills of Coorg, Karnataka Karnataka, Tamilnadu, 765 K.M.
Ghaggar Shivalik Hills, Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan 1080 K.M
Sabarmati Dhebar Lake Aravalli Range, Udaipur 371 K.M
Alaknanda Ganga Uttarakhand 190 K.M
Teesta Brahmaputra Sikkim, India, West Bengal, India,Rangpur, Bangladesh 309 K.M
Tungabhadra Krishna Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh,Telangana 531 K.M
Mahi Gulf of Khambhat , Arabian Sea Madhya Pradesh, Vindhyas 580 K.M
Bhagirathi Ganga Uttarakhand, 205 K.M
Brahmani Bay of Bengal Odisha 480
Periyar Cardamom Hills Kerala, Tamil Nadu 244 K.M
Mahananda Lakshadweep Sea, Vembanad Lake West Bengal, Bihar 360 K.M
Indravati Kalahandi Odisha, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra 535 K.M
Bhima Krishna River Maharashtra, Karnataka,Telangana 861 K.M

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