SSC 2017

PHYSICAL EXERCISE
The
terms exercise and physical activity are often used
interchangeably, but this article will distinguish between them. Physical
activity is an inclusive term that refers to any expenditure of energy brought
about by bodily movement via the skeletal muscles; as such, it includes the
complete spectrum of activity from very low resting levels to maximal exertion.
Exercise is a component of physical activity. The distinguishing characteristic
of exercise is that it is a structured activity specifically planned to develop
and maintain physical fitness. There are different kinds of physical exercise walking,
running, swimming, cycling etc. Walking and swimming are the best kind of
physical exercise which are helpful for people of all ages. It is essential to
keep our body fit and mind sound. There lies a close connection between body
and mind. We cannot think of a sound mind without sound health. It is physical
exercise which enables us to build better health. Since health is the root of
all happiness, so to be happy one should take regular physical exercise. A
machine gets rusted for want of proper use. Human body is also
like a machine. Without taking physical exercise regularly our body gets rusty
or starts malfunctioning. It becomes inactive and weak for want of exercise.
Physical exercises make our body active and the muscles strong. It also
improves our power of digestion and blood circulation. It gives strength to our
brain. At the same time we must not forget that excessive exercise is harmful for
our health. It makes us sick. Besides, needless to say that physical exercise
can deform and fracture different organs of our body. So we should maintain the
proper time, place and regularity while doing physical exercise. As health is
wealth, we should be conscious about taking regular physical exercise to keep
this wealth in good condition. To make your nation health-conscious
media can play a vital role.

Letter to friend how I spent my summer
vacation

TRAFFIC
JAM/CONGESTION
In today’s world, the success of a city depends on its economy, which in
turn is dependent on the infrastructure, among other things. The importance of
the infrastructure can be particularly felt by the citizens of Dhaka in its traffic
system, as its congestion reminds us of how important it is to have a good
transport system. The causes of traffic congestion in Dhaka city are
multifarious. Starting from the city itself, it is observed that the skeleton,
structure and lay-out of Dhaka City are not well-planned and well-directed. The
minimum road requirement is 25% for a standard city, whereas Dhaka has only
7.5% road of its total area which is creating huge traffic. Every day thousands
of people are entering the city as our economic activity and administration
like education, health sector are all Dhaka centered. Pedestrians are often seen crossing the streets at places they are not
supposed to while talking to each other or on mobile phones oblivious to things
around them. Some seem to be unaware of the doctrine “Don’t run across the
road. Largely, people’s tendency to flout traffic rules and lack of adequate
facilities for pedestrians, illegal occupation of pavements by parked cars,
shops, vendors and construction materials contribute to pedestrians’ use of the
streets, said traffic experts. However, it is understandable that resolving the
problem of traffic jam in Dhaka city is not possible within a short time.
It needs both short-term and long-term strategies. Short-term and long-term
strategies may include re-adjusting the school and office time keeping at least
one hour difference, re-routing the public transport, reducing and
replacing private transport with convenient and cheaper public transport,
fixing different fare for rush and non-rush hour and finally keeping the
foot-ways free from hawkers and shopkeepers. We hope the problem will be solved
within years.
ENVIRONMENTAL
POLLUTION
Pollution
has become the first enemy of the mankind. Industrial revolution of 19th
century led to environmental disaster. The whole world is now more afraid of
pollution rather than nuclear blast. Technological advancement has brought
revolutionary changes in life style and national economy with overwhelming
power over nature. The protection of environment has become a major issue
around the global for the well being of the people and economic development.
The present environmental condition of Bangladesh is not at all equilibrium.
Severe air, water and noise pollution are threatening human health, ecosystems
and economic growth of Bangladesh. Air pollution caused due to increasing
population, burning fossil fuels, industrialization and associated
motorization. The water pollution caused due to industrialization. The
underground water of Bangladesh has been polluted due to arsenic. The
inhabitants of major cities of Bangladesh are also exposed to high level of
noise pollution. Environmental degradation of Bangladesh is also caused due to
poverty, over-population and lack of awareness on the subject. It is manifested
by deforestation, destruction of wetlands, soil erosion and natural calamities.
Few steps have been taken by the government to improve the environmental
degradation and pollution control. Environmental issues have become major
concerns due to impact on public health and development of Bangladesh. Air and
water pollution, groundwater contamination, nuisance from solid wastes and
noise pollution are the main environmental pollutions of Bangladesh. Dhaka City
is one of the most polluted cities in the world. Environmental problems occur
mainly due to population growth, urbanization, industrialization, rapid rise in
transportation, inadequate and improper traffic management, poor sanitation
systems and inefficient solid waste management.
Wonders of Modern Science/Science in Everyday Life
We
live in an age of science. Science has changed the face of the world. It
has also revolutionized the life of humans. Wherever we look at land, water and
air we can see the gifts of science. Science has made our life easy and
comfortable. We cannot think of our modern life without science.
Electricity has
changed our life, society and culture. It is a great source of power and
energy. It works like a magic. The radio, television, lights, fans,
electric irons, mills, factories are run by electricity.
We
cannot think of our modern civilization without science. Science has done
wonders in the field of communication. Mobile or Telephone is another
wonder of modern science. It helps a man to talk with any one sitting in any
corner of the wonder.
Wireless
or radio is another great wonder of modern science. It has made us possible to
hear the human voice from any part of the world.
We
can send news from one corner of the world to other within a moment. Radio
and television are also great media for communication.
Science
has discovered many wonders for our recreation. Television is one of the
screens of television. We can hear song and music; enjoy drama, dance,
debate etc. Radio is one of the wonders of modern science.
Medical
science has lessened human suffering. It has given eyes to the blind,
hearing to the deaf, Legs to the lame. Penicillin, x-ray, biopsy and ultrasonography,
E.C.G are some of the wonders of modern science in the field of medical
science.
Science
has spread education among people. Thousands of books, magazines, newspapers
are printed every hour.
Science
has done wonders in the field of agriculture. Farmers use scientific tools for
cultivation and grow more foods, crops, fruits etc. Science has removed the
distance of place. It has saved time.
We
can travel hundreds of miles within a short time. Aero plane can carry us to
the different parts of the world.
The
radar is another wonderful invention. It gives us signal about weather
forecast.
Nuclear
energy is another wonder of modern science. The rocket is another wonder of
science. It has made space travel easy. Man has landed on the moon
successfully.
Nowadays computer and
calculators have brought a great change in the history of human civilization.
Modern world cannot go even a single day without computer.
Science
is the greatest of all conquerors. It has established itself firmly in our
hearts. Science has not only provided our life with modern facilities but it
has made us scientific being also. Due to advancement of science, men are now
more rational in nature. Tendency to lead life based on knowledge is on the
increase. It is high time we humans decided whether we would abuse science to
destroy ourselves or utilize properly to survive in the only world.
PHYSICAL EXERCISE
My
Daily Life
It is the duty of every one to prepare a routine of work
that will help him to do everything in time. To make the proper use of our time
it is absolutely necessary to have daily routine. For a student, it is all the
more necessary. I am a student. I have a routine of my own. I strictly follow
it.

With the break of dawn my day begins. I do not forget to
observe the proverb:
“Early to bed and early to rise,
Makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise”.
So, it is my habit to rise early in the morning. After
rising from bed I usually brush my teeth, wash my hands, face and feet and then
say my morning prayer. After my prayer I go to the open field to take physical
exercise. After taking physical exercise, I get back home. Then I take my
breakfast which mother keeps ready for me. When my breakfast is over, I go to
my reading room to prepare my day’s lessons. I stay there three hours at a
stretch with complete devotion to studies.
At 10:30 a.m. I get myself ready to go to school. Usually I
go to school at 11 a.m. Daily I spend valuable five hours over there. I take my
seat in the front bench and listen attentively to what my teachers say. Our
school starts at 12:00 noon and gets over at 4:30 p.m. During the school hours
I remain very busy with my studies.

When the school is over, I come back home direct. After
changing my school dress, washing my hands and face I take some light
refreshment and merrily go to the field to play with my friends.

Coming back from playground I take ablution and say evening
prayer. After it I go to my reading room and study with the deep attention to
prepare my lessons for the next day. At 9:30 p.m. I generally take my supper.
After supper I say my Isha prayer. Before retiring to bed I listen to the
Television or Radio which provides me with charming songs and music. I enjoy
them until I feel drowsy. This is how I spend my time every day.

A well regulated daily life is a must for everybody to reach
the goal of life. Without making and maintaining a regulated daily life none
can expect to succeed in life. So, everybody should have a daily routine and
follow it strictly. Today’s actions taken for one’s daily life will determine
the future success.

POPULATION
PROBLEM OF BANGLADESH

Introduction: English
is a global language. For various reasons English has got the status of
International language. In today’s world of information
technology and hi-tech communication, learning English is must. English is
important for other reasons also.

English: Language Of Globalization: The present age is an age of globalization. Anything
produced or invented in any part of the world gets global character or
recognition very rapidly. To keep pace with the process of globalization, we
need to learn English. Conversely, the globalizing process requires single language
for international communication. For various reasons English has achieved the
prestige of global language. As a result,it has crossed the national borders
of English speaking countries and reached people who speak other
languages. English is no longer a unique possession of the British
or American people, but a language that belongs to world’s people.

INTERNET
The
Internet Is The Greatest Invention of Mankind There are two sides to every
story, and in this case, two sides to every argument. The above statement poses
such questions as: if the Internet is not the best invention of mankind, what
is? And, what would life be like without computers and the Internet? I hope to
answer these questions and form a fact-based opinion on whether I think that
the Internet truly is the greatest invention of mankind. One of the obvious
benefits of the Internet is that it provides people with fast accessible
information; mainly through search engines such as Google or Yahoo. These
search engines are easily accessed, and they provide links to website
containing information on what you searched for. Using these search engines,
you can also search for images of whatever you want. But, we must ask, is this
easy access to images and websites safe for young children?
Another
factor which may put some people off the Internet as a whole is the distraction
it is to young people, mainly teenagers. They can get sidetracked into chatting
to friends on MSN or Myspace. Many children have stated that instead of doing
homework or coursework, they often get distracted into other things. Some
parents do not let their children use the Internet other than for homework and
research, purely because of the fact that it may distract them from working.
Perhaps because of the Internet, there has been an increase in the number of
reported identity thefts and credit card frauds. The Internet has effectively
provided a gateway for fraudsters to steal credit card numbers, addresses, pin
numbers and personal information. The Internet is not as secure as it is made
out to be, which is why many doubt its reputation.
Without
the wheel, we would not be able to get around ourselves. Another invention
which has been with us a long time, but which will always be one of the most
useful to us, is the telephone. The telephone has long been a great means of
communication, and I believe that it will always be needed far more than the
Internet. But, we are forgetting (In my opinion) the most important invention
of all, and that is electricity. Without electricity, we would not have many of
these other inventions such as the telephone, and more importantly the
Internet. Undoubtedly, the Internet provides many people with a living, it
provides millions of people each day with means of communication, and means of
purchasing products, but, I do not think that the Internet is the greatest
invention of mankind, nor do I think that it comes close; there are other far
more beneficial inventions, such as the wheel, the telephone, and, of course,
electricity. I believe that the Internet is a great invention, with upsides and
downsides, but I believe it never was and never will be the greatest.

USES AND ABUSES OF INTERNET
Internet is the way of intercommunication network. But the
definition of interment can’t be described so easily. It is not only a
communication network but also the most widely spread communication technology
of the world. In fact it can be termed as Aladin’s magic lamp in the sphere of
modern era. It is a tool that can link up all the people around the world or we
can say that it is a net that we can’t see. It brings us a lot of convenience.
But at the same time it can be described as a weapon to destroy human’s
psychology.

Whatever it may be the internet that has proved itself very helpful tool in
many ways. It has opened a gateway for people. It has made impossible task
possible for us to communicate with people from the other side of the world. At
the same time, it allows us to meet new people and discover new places even
though we are not there.

While maximum people consider it as a blessing on the other hand
nowadays many others regard it as a curse because like everything else in the
world the internet has a good and a bad side to it. One of the main reasons
that many people blame it is that everything is very easy here. One can get the
information whatever s/he likes. It has no sense to differentiate the good and
evil information. In fact it has no censorship sense.

As a result many things spin out of control. People start using the internet as
a method of spying rather than a manner of communication. They abuse this
blessing by placing information or data that is unacceptable such as
pornography. Some others may use it for fraud or theft. When these actions are
committed they are considered as a form of crime.

It is more useful and sometime harmful to the rising young
generation. Especially a student no longer needs to spend long hours in
libraries searching for a desired piece of information. A web search engine can
provide the necessary material just at a click of a button and no matter which
remote corner of the world s/he is in. The Internet will keep you side by side
of the latest developments and findings that are happening throughout the
world.

Everything in this world has both bright and dark sides. So, in this point
there are people who will stand by and against it. We have both the way is
opened. It is we who are to decide which way to travel on this information
super path and the right of choice depends totally on us. The information and
technology controlling authority has also something to do in this regard.
Though the flow of information is open to all, the authority can certainly give
a barrier against the uncensored websites. Overall our positive thinking and
well developed sense can raise us clearly a step ahead with the blessing of
internet.

Introduction:

Mobile phones have revolutionized the life of human beings for
many years. They have become widespread all over the world. This revolution in
the communication aspect replaced letter-writing by providing ease to the humanity
in terms of communication among the people. Besides that, mobile phones also
play an anti-social part in humanity. It depends on how it is being used. In
short, we can say that mobile phones have their uses and misuses which entirely
depend upon the user.

Advantages:

The cellular phones are easily portable from place to place.
Through cellular phone we can send messages (normal, photo and voice messages),
send e-mails to distant places, play games, know time, listen to songs and
watch movies, do calculation jobs, get news of different channels. We can also
use the internet through cellular phones having GPRS modem. The popularity of
cell phones is increasing very rapidly. Many companies are now providing
telephony services to the people at an affordable rate. The tendency is
increasing fast. Now, anybody can purchase a cell set at a negligible price.
The world has become a global village with the touch of modern technology. We
can communicate with the people of any country within a few seconds with this
wonderful invention of modern science. The users of cell phones are increasing
day by day. People are getting manifold benefits.

Disadvantages:

In spite of all these advantages, the cell phones have
some draw baths. The young generation is greatly affected by the evil
influences of cell phones. They are using it as a fashion. They are now
indulged in listening to songs, watching pornographic movies and sending vulgar
messages. Sometimes, they talk for hours together which are very damaging to their
health. The cell phone sometimes becomes the cause of health hazard,
especially, the children are affected much. Scientists believe that cell phones
cause brain tumors, genetic damage, and many other incurable
diseases. They believe that invisible uncontrolled radioactivity of the
cell phone causes irreparable damage to human body. They say that the
government should control radioactive sources (both ionized and
non-ionized). It is true that millions of people are getting benefits from
modern cellular telephone but most are blissfully unaware of the danger of it.
Doctors say if a user continues his/her conversation more than two minutes, the
blood brain barrier gets damaged. The blood pressure gets high
and red blood cells are damaged if a person gets continued exposure to
radiation caused by cellular telephone. Using cellular telephone is also
harmful to the pregnant women. So, Bangladesh government should have an
official ban on using cell phone by children and pregnant women. Besides,
terrorist outfits are using cell phones for spreading out terrorism throughout
the world. They have even their own networking system.

Conclusion:

We can say that though the cell phones have some demerits, its
necessity in exchanging dialogues, sending messages cannot be denied in the
truest sense of the term in our day-to-day life.
A Village Market
Introduction: A
village market is public places in a village where the influx of people
assemble from adjoin areas to buy and sell commodities necessary for everyday
life. So, it is an important buying and selling center for the villagers. It is
the back-bone of the rural economy.

Description:
a. Site and location:- A
village market generally locates at a place where people from different places
can easily come for buying and selling different goods. So, a village market
usually stands by the side of a river or canal or at the junction of roads or
near a railway station.

b. Kinds of village markets:- There
are generally two kinds of village markets—the daily market and the weekly market.
The daily market is called 'bazar'. It sits daily in the morning. The weekly
market is called 'hat'. It sits once or twice a week in the forenoon and
continues up to late in the evening.
Arrangement of shops:- The
shops in a village market are arranged in a systematic way. Generally three
types of shops are seen in the village market. They are permanent shops,
temporary shops and open space shops. The open space shops of the same kind are
clustered together and are arranged in rows. Fish, milk, fruit, betel leaves,
vegetables etc. are bought and sold in the open space shop. The temporary shops
are held in sheds having only their roofs. In these shops oil, rice, salt,
pepper, spices etc. are sold. Some grocers, tailors, cloth dealers, stationers
and tea-sellers have permanent shops. There are different sections of the
village market. They are generally known as fish market, vegetable market, rice
market, fruit market, and so on. The fish and vegetable markets are the most
crowded place in the market. Haggling is one of the main characteristics of a
village market. Nothing is sold without haggling.

Importance: The village market is of great use and importance the
villagers. Here they get all the necessary things of their daily use. As such
they need not go to distant places to buy and sell things.

Social value: Apart
from its practical utility, it has also its social value. If brings the people
of different villagers closer and thus strengthens the bond of their unity. It
is an important place for village politics and a place of entertainment for the
villagers too. There are some people who come here only to pass a pleasant time
in roaming about.

Demerits: The
village market is an unhealthy place. It is dusty in the dry season and muddy
in the rainy season. There is no proper system for disposing the garbage and
other filths. It lacks in proper sanitation too.

Conclusion: Though
the village market is a noisy, dusty and unhealthy place, yet it is an integral
part of village life. It is a place of gathering of a vast number of people
providing opportunities for views and news let alone buying and selling daily
necessaries. Proper care and arrangements should be made for the improvement of
the unsatisfactory condition of the village market.

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